Cannabis oil refers to the beneficial, sometimes psychoactive oil rendered and extracted from any plant in the Cannabis family. Currently under the blanket description of Cannabis Oil, we have 2 main descriptors used to differentiate between types of Cannabis oil.
If the Cannabis plant that the oil is rendered from has more than .3% THC by dry weight, it is considered to be a marijuana plant by most nations, and the oil produced from such a plant would rightfully be described as either Cannabis Oil, Hash Oil or Marijuana Oil.
If the Cannabis plant the oil is rendered from has less than .3% THC, then it is considered to be a hemp variety of Cannabis by most international standards for hemp cultivation. Oils produced from these type of Cannabis plants are termed Cannabis oil, Hemp oil, or CBD Rich Hemp Oil, if the hemp strain is rich in levels of the cannabinoid Cannabidiol, or CBD for short.
It is a common misperception that hemp oil is not in fact Cannabis oil. However, all hemp and Ruderalis (a subspecies of Cannabis that shares some traits with hemp) plants are Cannabis plants, so at the end of the day, any oil derived from such plants would rightly be described as a Cannabis Oil.
An oil does not have to have psychoactive THC in it to be considered a genuine Cannabis oil and as such, there are both legal and illegal versions of Cannabis oil, depending upon where you find yourself living. Many nations sanction the import of hemp oil including the United States, so in these localities, this type of Cannabis oil derived from hemp is legal to buy.
All Cannabis plants, be they marijuana plants or hemp plants, are capable of producing any of the 111 or more cannabinoids and assorted terpenes that are found within the spectrum of cannabis as a whole, as long as they are selected and grown for such purposes.
Within the last decade, the new focus on CBD has caused growers and manufacturers to reconsider hemp genetics that were long thought only suitable for producing pulp and fiber for industrial applications as legitimate sources from which to obtain beneficial phytocannabinoids such as CBD and CBDa.
We point you to the best manufacturers of high quality CBD Oils.
Most of this new hemp farming is taking place in the U.S. right now in states such as Colorado, Kentucky and Oregon under state sanctioned hemp programs, or under the pilot programs instituted after the passage of the 2014 Farm Bill in the U.S. You can see one of these early pilot CBD hemp farms in this story on our sister site.
This is leading to a new way of growing hemp, where hemp is now being bred and produced explicitly for cannabinoid production, similar in the manner to which marijuana strains are bred and grown, instead of the way hemp has traditionally been raised, where the plants are allowed to go to seed and the plant then uses its energy for seed and stalk production rather than flower and cannabinoid production.